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Old Tom Morris and Tom Morris Jnr




There aren’t many golf films out there, so when a new one comes along, it’s always notable.

Thus, we present to you Tommy’s Honour, a golf movie chronicling the story of Old Tom Morris and Young Tom Morris, the father-son duo who were pioneers of professional golf in Scotland in the late 1800s. Old Tom won the British Open four times (the last at 46, and he’s still the tournament’s oldest winner) and Young Tom matched him with four of his own (the first of which came at 17, making him the tournament’s youngest winner) before dying at age 24.

The film, directed by Jason Connery ( Sean Connery' son ), stars Jack Lowden, Peter Mullan, Ophelia Lovibond and Sam Neill, and is based on Kevin Cook’s book, which goes by the same name as the movie.





Please scroll to the bottom of the page for the next Tommys Honour video.


There are not many people in the World who can lay a claim to being related the the most famous golfing family in the World, not least a living relative, who also happens also to be a PGA Golf Professional, but I can! In fact I am the only Golf Professional in the World with a connection to the Morris' of St.Andrews and Royal Liverpool. Every Golfer in the World today without exception or in the past has to be thankful; to the Morris' of St. Andrews, for without them, Golf would not have become the Worldwide popular game it is today.





Tom Morris Snr. - better known today as Old Tom Morris - was a 19th-century pioneer of golf, and a multiple winner in the early history of the British Open.


Major Championships:

• British Open: 1861, 1862, 1864, 1867


In 1899, Old Tom Morris took on an apprentice greenkeeper at St. Andrews. That apprentice was Donald Ross, the future golf design genius.


Old Tom Morris' Biography


Old Tom Morris ( below left ) is perhaps the all time most influential figure in the history of golf. He was a great player, club maker, green keeper and golf course designer and a Prophet for the game of Golf, that he almost singlehandedly spread the Golf Gospel throughout the World. It is highly likely that without him the game would never have become what it is today.




Morris was born in St. Andrews, Scotland, and apprenticed himself to Allan Robertson, considered by golf historians to be the first golf professional. Robertson made featherie golf balls, and taught Morris the trade. The two often paired together in matches, and according to legend, were never beaten. More follows towards the end of this page about Old Tom.





Old and Young Tom Morris between them won Eight Open Championships.


Old Tom Morris at St.Andrews



A painting of Old Tom Morris.




Young Tom Morris with the Open Championship belt.


Tom Morris Jr., also known as Young Tom Morris, was arguably the first "rock star" in golf ( forget Tiger and Jordan Speith ), a player whose fame extended beyond the game. Tragically, he died at age 24 - but not before winning the British Open four times.



Major Championships


• British Open: 1868, 1869, 1870, 1872


The Open Championship Belt and Trophy.



Old Tom after his son's death: "People say he died of a broken heart; but if that was true, I wouldn't be here either."



• Inscription on memorial at Morris' grave site: "Deeply regretted by numerous friends and all golfers, he thrice in succession won the Championship belt and held it without envy, his many amiable qualities being no less acknowledged than his golfing achievements."





Above; The Morris's Family Grave Site.



My grandparents always said that to me as a young man who was forever on the links, that we were related to the Morris' of St.Andrews, but being young, I never really took it on board as young men don't! I was much too busy starting out to conquer the World on my own mission to be thinking about relatives of long ago. Turn the clock forward a couple of decades and the person changes and suddenly we start to pay an interest in our relatives and that is how it was with me.





The story ( all based on fact ) goes like this...Toms older brother George Morris (pictured below ) was the Professional / Greenkeeper / Ball and Club maker at the World famous Carnoustie Golf Resort in Scotland and also home to the Open Championship on seven occasions, most recently 2007, George was also a club and a ball maker, he is also acknowledged as the first clubmaker in the town of Carnoustie in 1855. He later became an architect noteably designing the Royal Liverpool golf club in Hoylake there designing the first nine holes.





George Morris ( Old Tom's brother) pictured right. Leith Links May 1867.








St. Andrews can rightfully lay claim to being the Home of Golf in Scotland but it was Carnoustie, across the water in the county of Angus, which provided many of the game’s earliest ambassadors.



The game of golf has been played in Carnoustie for well over four centuries. The first indication that the game was being played in the Angus town can be found in the Parish Records of 1560 when the game of gowff was mentioned and there is every indication that the game has played an important part in the town’s life ever since.




Time Line at Carnoustie


1850. Allan Robertson creates 10-hole course.

1853 George Morris, Old Toms brother becomes superintendent of the course.

1867 Tom Morris Snr brought into create an 18-hole course measuring 4,565 yards.

1926 James Braid employed to upgrade Championship course.





George Morris, elder brother of ‘Old Tom’ appointed greenkeeper at Carnoustie. He was acknowledged as the first clubmaker in the town and later architect of the Royal Liverpool golf club in Hoylake also an Open Championship venue.


The first reference to Golf at Carnoustie was in 1527 and while Perth boasts the first royal golfer in King James IV, the distinguished history of golf at Carnoustie begins with the record of the first commoner golfer Sir Robert Maule (1493-1560) playing on Barry Links nearby. Sir Robert was said to be tall, fresh faced and well-spoken, but prone to anger and pugnacious. Although he never learned to read and write, he was Sheriff of Angus.



It is said he was once seriously injured trying to prevent some people crossing the land over which he was playing. From 1547-1549, he was taken prisoner by the English and later in life became 'religious'. He died on 2nd May 1560 and is buried in Panbride Church in Carnoustie. Parish historical records mention the playing of golf at Carnoustie in 1560.Carnoustie also boasts the oldest independent women's golf club in the World, established 1873.




At the start of the 20th century around 300 of Carnoustie’s sons emigrated, many of them westwards to America, spreading the golfing gospel as they went.


Nowadays, of course, most of these golfing missionaries have long since been forgotten but some did prosper and become leading figures in the history of the game.


At one time or another, Carnoustie natives have won the Open Championships of Britain, America, Canada, South Africa and Australia and several others have also been active in other important roles.




One such was Stewart Maiden who, today, is renowned as the teacher of the great Bobby Jones, the amateur who achieved a unique Grand Slam by winning both the Amateur and Open Championships in Britain and America during 1930.



The story goes that Stewart and his brother, James, emigrated to America together. James became professional at East Lake, in Atlanta, and Stewart succeeded him there in 1908. It was while working at the East Lake club that Stewart, often called ‘Kiltie’ by his friends, came in contact with Jones. Although the young Jones did not copy Maiden’s swing, he developed one that strongly resembled it and, in later life, often called on the Carnoustie man to help him iron out the faults that developed from time to time.




Maiden became a hugely successful teacher but, when it comes to players, there is little doubt that the Smith brothers, Willie, Alex and Macdonald, were Carnoustie’s most successful exports.




Georges son Jack (my long since gone ancestor), born in St.Andrews in 1847 and schooled in Carnoustie, initally left school and became a student corn merchant in Dundee learning from the owner William Thomson, however his father George (Professional at Carnoustie) introduced him to golf. In 1869, when George was invited to design the first holes at Royal Liverpool, Hoylake he took the young Jack Morris with him on the journey to Liverpool.



Jack Morris later in life.


George Morris executed his task and left son Jack in charge of the club and its members. His shop was behind the stabling of the Royal Hotel which also acted as the clubhouse. Georges son Jack was a huge character an much appreciated by the distinguished player and golf writer Bernhard Darwin who tells the story of how Jack ended up being in charge at Hoylake. He came to the course with his father and was left in charge, he performed the tasks so well that he stayed and became the Royal Liverpool Professional and he duly designed and completed the course to 18 holes ( Old Toms standard ) he was also a highly respected coach noteably to Englands amateur player Harald Hilton, born in West Kirby.






Back row left to right pictured centre Jack Morris, foreground Old Tom Morris others include back row left to right  George Lowe, Alex Herd, Jack Morris and Willie Campbell.


The connection with the Open Championship started in 1897 and the club has hosted the event 11 times, including the Grand Slam by Bobby Jones in 1930. However, it is for amateur golf that Hoylake ( Royal Liverpool ) is most recognised having held the Amateur Championship 18 times including the first in 1885. It also held the first England v Scotland international, the first match between Great Britain and the USA, the first English Amateur Championship and the Walker and Curtis Cups. Its restoration to the rota for the Open Championship keeps the club in the top flight of golf clubs throughout the world.




Harald Hilton's golfing record and contribution to the game were unparalleled. Hilton is considered one of the dominant amateur golfers of all time, winning two Open Championships, four Amateur Championships and in 1911 he became the first overseas winner of the US Amateur Championship. Also an accomplished golf writer, he became the first editor of Golf Monthly.





The Open Champion - Harold Hilton outside Royal Liverpool Clubhouse.



On his home course Harold Hilton claims his second British Open win as an amateur, defeating a very strong field of professionals including the Great Triumvirate of Harry Vardon, J.H Taylor and James Braid.




Jack Morris was very good friends with John Ball, winner of the Amateur Championship on eight occasions and a supreme player. Ball did not go to university but preferred to spend time on the course learning from Jack.





John Ball. Eight times Amateur Champion.



The Great Hoylake amateur ( John Ball ) wins his second Amateur Championship on his home course. In the same year he would become the first Englishman and amateur to win The Open Championship at Prestwick, 1890.



Ball dominated amateur golf in Great Britain. He won all the important golf championships as well as the hearts and respect of his country. In the words of British golf historian Donald Steele, “No golfer ever came to be more of a legend in his own lifetime.” He was the first amateur golfer in England to be named by the Royal Empire as an Immortal. Ball learned the game competing against Harold Hilton and Jack Morris on the links at Hoylake. In 1876, at the age of 15, he competed in his first Open Championship and finished sixth at St. Andrews.





In l880, players wintering in Pau, hired an English professional: Joseph Lloyd. Born in 1864, he started to play golf with Jack Morris in Hoylake at the Royal Liverpool Golf Club. Joe was a friend of Morris’s family – one of greatest names in the world golf. He also played with Old and Young Tom Morris, Jack’s uncle and cousin. In Pau, he opened a store which he used also as a workshop to manufacture and repair the clubs. This was more a cabin, still up until the end of the 60’s. It was the very first pro-shop in France and he was France's first professional.








Jack himself played in two Opens 1873 and 1878 but it was as a club professional and teacher that he was lauded in his day none more so than by John Ball and Bernhard Darwin. Jack prospered and remained at the Club for the next sixty years as greenkeeper and professional and architect, and was made an honory life member of the club for the rest of his years. Jack Morris designed Royal Liverpool's second nine holes, Conwy (Caernarvonshire) Golf Club's 18 holes, Caldy Golf Club, in which my relative John Mickle was Captain in 1987, Formby Golf Club, and in 1902 Heswall Grange Park, Rhyl (Wales), and Pwllheli (Wales) Golf Club respectfully.




Jack Morris



In the heyday of his Jacks' career as a player he had as a caddie a stiffly built little fellow to whom Morris always explained the finer arts of the game as they went round together. To-day that caddie is the five times British Open Champion, J. H. Taylor.


Conwy Golf Club is a gem of a golf course, a course that I have played on many an occasion as an amateur and professional, not realising that my relative Jack Morris was the architect! It is a fantastic links course and not a wonder it has held so many crucial events like some below.




  • 2016 - Ladies' Home Internationals
  • 2015 - Boys' Home Internationals
  • 2014 - Welsh Men's Open Amateur Strokeplay
  • 2012 – Ryder Cup Wales Seniors Open (European Seniors Tour)
  • 2010 – S4C Ladies Championship of Europe (Ladies European Tour)
  • 2009 – European Men’s Amateur Team Championship.
  • 2008 – Ryder Cup Wales Seniors Open (European Seniors Tour).
  • 2008 – Welsh Men’s Amateur Stroke Play Championship.
  • 2007 – Ryder Cup Wales Seniors Open (European Seniors Tour).
  • 2007 – British Ladies Amateur Stroke Play Championship.
  • 2006 – Final Qualifying Course for the Open Championship.








Jack Morris was employed by the Liverpool Club in 1869 to look after the course, in addition to clubmaking and repairing, and teaching. He was a member of the famous Morris family from St Andrews, and his father George was a brother of Old Tom. Jack was only aged 22 at the start of his employment, and his father was sceptical about his prospects.  However, Jack quickly settled in and went on to become a much loved part of the Royal Liverpool Club until his death, as an honorary member in 1929.  All the great golfers of the day would seek him out on their visits to Hoylake, and he was the starter for all Championships. Jack married a girl from North Wales, and had four sons and six daughters. Two sons emigrated to the United States before the First World War, and one was to fight for the American army in the war. Sadly two of his other sons were killed in the war, serving in Liverpool Regiments.




In addition to his other duties, Jack was a fine golfer who took part in many challenge matches, as well as being an Open competitor.  At the Club's Spring and Autumn meetings, many of the leading professionals, including his Morris relations, Old and Tom Morris Jnr, would descend on Hoylake to partner members in challenge matches.  For the honour of Hoylake, Jack's game had to be sharp.  Another activity for Jack was his involvement in the design of nearby courses which are mentioned above.




Jack passed in November 1929. The headlines ran as far as Australia and read as follows :-




The Daily News (Perth, WA : 1882 - 1950)




Jack Morris Passes . LONDON, November 29.


The death is announced of Jack Morris, aged 84, the oldest golf professional. ' For over fifty years he was a professional at Hoylake Golf Club, Royal Liverpool.



Jack married a girl from North Wales had a number of children one was a pretty girl named Doll. Doll married my Grandads, fathers brother Leonard and there is the connection. Leonard Mickle was a hugely successful Solicitor in Liverpool, not far from Royal Liverpool and with a pretty Doll nearby, one and one quickly became a pair or shall we say two ball?




One of Jacks Morris' sons is George named after his Grandad George Morris, ( Old Toms brother ).



George Morris ( son of Jack )was born near Liverpool, England in 1888. His father, Jack, was the professional at the Hoylake Golf Club and the nephew of Old Tom Morris the longtime professional at St. Andrews Golf Club. George’s grandfather was Old Tom’s brother George.


At age 19 George went to Australia to work on sheep ranches for five years. After that he immigrated to America and served in the United States Army in World War I. In 1921, he accepted an invitation to be Golf Professional in the US at the World famous Colonial Country, becoming the Club’s first professional.



He was the pro and green superintendent there through 1948. He had a complete knowledge of the game. In 1922, he laid out the back nine at Colonial and supervised the construction. Morris played well, gave the golf lessons and made clubs. During his career at Colonial he played in very few tournaments but in 1942 he finished third in the PGA Seniors’ Championship and he finished in the money three other years.




Although Morris retired as the pro at Colonial in 1948 he stayed on as the green superintendent until 1953 and supervised the construction of their new course. His brother Thomas was the professional at the Country Club of Harrisburg and their nephew Michael Grace was the professional nearby at the Reservoir Park Golf Course. George Morris was a PGA member for more than sixty years.





Tom Morris Senior.


• British Open Winner: 1861, 1862, 1864, 1867





Old Tom Morris didn’t invent the game of golf, but he is recognized as the sport’s founding father. Although golf had been played in Scotland for centuries before his day, Old Tom Morris is rightly viewed as the father of the game as it is now played in every part of the world (and, once, even on the Moon!).




Old Tom Morris is perhaps the most influential figure in the history of golf. He was a great player, clubmaker, greenskeeper and golf course designer. He played in the first 36 British Opens, winning four times, and sired a son, Tom Morris Jr., who won the world’s oldest golf championship four times on his own. But as much as his successes in tournament golf and as a parent are significant, Tom Morris Snr. left behind the legacy of being a champion amongst all men or gowfers.





Old Tom Morris not Ancient Tom Morris - but this redoubtable man was a competitor of great longevity, a custodian of the revered links in his role as greenkeeper at St Andrews and Prestwick, a course designer of prolific abundance and a sturdy, patriarchal figure that embodied all that was good and honourable about this grand old game.





Four times he won the Open Championship, a feat also achieved by his son, Tom, with the last of these triumphs coming in 1867 as a 46-year-old. He was still playing in golf's oldest major as he edged towards the age of 75. Straight and true off the tee, Old Tom was hindered by a regular tendency to miss short putts, an enduring legacy he has passed on down to millions of golfers throughout the world. With an "unruffled serenity of temper", however, there would be no putters getting snapped over the knee after another tiddler birled round the cup and stayed out.




By all accounts, Morris was a humble gentleman. He clearly had a keen eye for detail too. Upon seeing his portrait hanging in the R&A clubhouse for the first time he was reported to have said: "you've got the checks on my bunnet a' wrang." For many, this classic picture of the bearded Morris is the game's iconic image ... wrang checks or no'.





Old Tom is one of the most important figures in the history of the game, and one of the most significant course designers of this early period. Not only did he lay out a large number of golf courses, he was instrumental in spreading the game at a most crucial time.




Born in St. Andrews, Scotland, June 16, 1820 and upon leaving school in 1837 he spent 12 years working as an apprentice to Allan Robertson , generally recognised as the World's first professional golfer and stalwart of St.Andrews. There he learned to make golf clubs, and how to produce the feather-stuffed balls then in use. The two also played golf together, achieving a reputation for being unbeatable as a pair. Morris left after 12 years due to a disagreement with Allan with regard to the the arrival of the new gutta percha balls, Robertson saw his business threatened, and demanded Morris join him in condemning the new balls.




Instead, Morris left St Andrews, taking up a position as "keeper of the greens" at the newly formed Prestwick Golf Club. During this time he did much to develop the art and science of green-keeping, introduced the idea of top-dressing greens; he was also among the first to actively manage the hazards on a golf course; and he was the man whose influence eventually led to the standardisation of the length of a golf course at 18 holes (the Old Course at St Andrews had at one time comprised 23 holes), and went to Prestwick, where he became custodian of the newly formed club that, in 1860, gave birth to the British Open. He finished second to Willie Park in the first Open Championship, won the next two, finished second to Park again in 1863, then won again in 1864 and 1867. He had a slow, smooth swing and was fiercely competitive; his only flaw was a difficulty with short putts. In 1862, he didn't miss many, winning the Open by 13 strokes, a record that still stands.




Old Tom won the Open for the fourth time in 1867, and for the last time, (but he continued playing in the event until 1896.) He taught many young men for the next twenty years the craft of playing golf, ball and club manufacturing, green keeping and golf architecture.




When the gutta percha golf ball arrived on the scene, however, the two split. Robertson demanded that Morris join him in condeming the new ball, thus protecting the featherie business. Morris recognized the guttie as the future, and left Robertson's side in 1849. Tom Morris left St.Andrews to join Prestwick Golf Club, where he served as "keeper of the greens." Prestwick hosted the first British Open in 1860, where Morris finished second.





Morris moved back to St. Andrews in 1865 to become greenkeeper for the Royal and Ancient Golf Club a position he held until 1904 - and established a clubmaking shop near the 18th green. The 18th green is today named in honor of Old Tom Morris.. It was a position he held until his retirement in 1904. In 1896 at the age of 75 Tom played in his last open championship. In 1899, Old Tom Morris took on an apprentice greenskeeper at St. Andrews. That apprentice was Donald Ross, the future golf design genius. The 18th green at St.Andrews is named after Old Tom Morris, it is this green that was overlooked by Old Toms shop from where clubs and balls were produced.





Morris pioneered many of what are now considered the first modern approaches to greenskeeping. He also was one of the first great course designers, taking a role in designing or remodeling around 75 courses.




Among those Old Tom helped shape are Prestwick, Royal Dornoch, Muirfield, Carnoustie, Royal County Down,Nairn and Cruden Bay - today they are still some of the most famous golf courses in the world.



Old Tom Morris still holds two British Open records: oldest champion (age 46 in 1867) and largest margin of victory (13 in 1862). He played in every British Open until 1895.




When Morris died, in 1908 at the age of 87, the funeral procession extended the entire length of South Street in St. Andrews, from the port to the cathedral. It was described by Andrew Kirkaldy as "a cloud of people," and as Kirkaldy noted, "There were many wet eyes among us, for Old Tom was beloved by everybody."




Old and Young Tom Morris

Old and Young Tom Morris.




7th from the right Alan Robertson.





Old Tom Morris



For years, the above photos gathered dust in a shed while their owner gave pride of place to a set of hickory golf clubs she felt sure were valuable. It was only when she attempted to sell the clubs that she learned how wildly off course she was. While the clubs were virtually worthless, the rare pictures of Open winner 'Old' Tom  Morris were described as the 'golfing version of Tutankhamun's tomb'.



Now the photographs, once owned by the golfing legend, are to go on show at the inaugural St Andrews Golf Festival and later this year  they will be offered for sale – with a minimum price tag of £350,000.




Morris pioneered many of what are now considered the first modern approaches to greenskeeping. He also was one of the first great course designers, taking a role in designing or remodeling around 75 courses according to the World Golf Hall of Fame.




In 1868, Young Tom Morris won the Open Championship and Old Tom Morris finished second. It is the only time a son and father have finished 1-2.


In 1869, Young Tom Morris scored the first recorded hole-in-one during the first round of the Open at Prestwick Golf Club.






The story goes like this...In the first round of the 1869 Open Championship, Tommy made his usual three or in Scots 'trey', at the hole named green hollow, this was the 7th at the Prestwick course, next came the station hole, 166 yards over the 'Alps' to a green guarded by the 'Sahara', bunker's half acre of sand, the professionals hoped for a three but settled for a four.




The line was just right of the Clubhouse. Tommy's Tee shot started low, then rose. He liked the shot, onlookers saw him take a step forward, shielding his eyes. The ball landed on the front edge of the putting green, five yards short of the knee high flag. It hopped and began rolling, not directly towards the red flannel flag but to one side, a superior shot that looked even better as the ball lost speed, curling towards the hole. The more speed the ball lost the more it curved until on the last turn, it fell into the hole.



There was a silence, a sonic blink. Tommy stood on the Teeing ground, unable to see the ball, listening for the cheers or groans from the crowd but he heard nothing. Then a roar went up. He'd holed it in one. Men and boys ran onto the putting green to gape at the ball in the hole. The gallery cheered every step of Tommy's 166 yard march to the flag, the noise ebbing as he reached the green and then erupting again as he drew the ball out of the hole and held it up for all to see. With one swing he had increased his lead by two shots and a boost to his legend. This is the account of the first ever recorded hole in one in the history of professional golf. Tommy won the Open that year by eleven shots!





If Tommy was around today, the Glengarry bunnet and Beau Brummell lapels would no doubt be replaced by a golfing wardrobe full of Nike's finest, figure-hugging clobber while multi-million pound endorsements would be flying around in gay abandon like tee-shots on the Old Course. Forget Rory McIlroy and Jordan Spieth.


Before Tiger Woods and Phil Mickelson, before Jack Nicklaus, Arnold Palmer, Tom Watson and Ben Hogan. The best golfers on the planet were Old Tom Morris and Young Tom Morris. Tommy was the superstar of yesterday;  a golfing prodigy of bountiful attributes and accomplishments who became a legend in his own time. Morris's record of four Open Championship wins in a row, the first at the age of just 17, remains an achievement unrivalled to this day. His natural flair and vigour, which he would use to his advantage, captured the imagination of an intrigued and increasingly captivated public and, in many senses, St Andrian Morris helped transform the Royal & Ancient game into a popular spectator sport.


"Tommy was the embodiment of masterful energy," wrote one golfing doyen of the Auld Grey Toon. That energy and exuberance would be snuffed out by the time he was 24. Stricken by grief at the loss of his wife during the birth of their stillborn child, Morris, who had began drinking heavily, died on Christmas Day 1875. His father, the great Old Tom Morris, said at the time: "People say he died of a broken heart; but if that was true, I wouldn't be here either." His son's feats ensured a lasting legacy and the Morris family name stands as a colossus in the history of golf.




At St.Andrews there is a golf museum, dedicated to all the history our sport has given up over the centuries, just inside the Royal and Ancient Clubhouse is a glass case that holds the Claret Jug, the first name on the Trophy is Tom Morris jnr, the latest names are Zach Johnson, Rory McIllroy, Ernie Els, Darren Clark, Phil Mickelson, Louis Oosthuizen,Stuart Cink, Padraig Harrington, and Tiger Woods, between them lie;- Severiano Ballesteros, Greg Norman, Vardon, Taylor, Braid, Bobby Jones, Arnold Palmer, Jack Nicklaus, Lee Trevino, Tom Watson, and seventy others.




The Claret Jug may be the most important Trophy in golf but it lies not alone in the glass case, above it hangs Tommy's Championship belt, in 1908 Toms grand children, following Old Toms wishes, gave the belt to the R and A, so that it could be seen by all who entered the Clubhouse, a belt that holds the names of OLd Tom and young Tom as winners of the Open Chapionship.




In his final years Old Tom became known as the GOM of golf, meaning Grand Old Man of golf. The term was taken from former Prime Minister William Gladstone, the original Grand Old Man ( who's rival Disraeli said the letters stood for Gods only mistake!





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